At Indigo we only use treatments which have been shown to be effective by scientific research. Our psychologists are trained to assess your child’s difficulties and then match the treatment that has a strong evidence-base for their problem. This may include one approach or a mixture of approaches. Some approaches are described below.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy

These is a strong evidence- base for this type of therapy for anxiety, depression, stress and other mental health problems. It is very commonly used and involves working with the child to identify their thoughts, feelings and behaviours related to the problem, and then looking at ways to change and improve them. The child will be given tasks to do at home in between sessions, and parents will usually be asked to help. A program will typically last between 12 and 24 sessions.

Family therapy

This is a systemic approach, which means it involves looking at the system around the child, ie the family and identifying difficulties in relationships which can be worked on. Sometimes families may be arguing and need help to resolve this; at other times families may be protecting the child but in doing so maintaining their problems so need to look for new ways to help each other; or family members may have different views on how best to help so are struggling to be consistent. The main family members are asked to come to appointments to try to find ways to work better together.


This is usually a person-centred approach which means that the child or parent comes to talk about the problem and think through with the therapist how it works, what it means to them and how it developed. This kind of analysis with a therapist can help people to make their own changes. This can last for just a few sessions or much longer, depending on how the individual feels they have progressed.


For more complex problems, longer term psychotherapy may be needed. This can involve a combination of approaches and can last from several months to years depending on the individual’s needs. This is usually appropriate for teenagers or adults rather than younger children.